Fra Angelico

(Fra Giovanni da Fiesole, Giovanni di Pietro; c. 1400-1455)
   A Dominican friar, Fra Angelico became the leading painter of Florence in the 1430s. He was from Fiesole where he entered the Dominican monastery in c. 1418, and there he is believed to have illuminated some manuscripts, though none have been identified. Sometime in the 1430s, he moved to the San Marco Monastery in Florence where from 1438 until 1445 he painted a series of frescoes in the cells and corridors. He also created the Linaiuoli Altarpiece (1433; Florence, Museo di San Marco), his first major work. Commissioned by the Arte dei Linaiuoli, the Guild of Linen Merchants, the altarpiece shows an Enthroned Virgin and Child flanked by St. Mark, to whom the monastery is dedicated, and St. John the Baptist, patron saint of Florence. Masaccio's influence in this work is clear, especially in the rendition of the solid figures of the saints, their stern appearance, and the spatial depth. Fra Angelico substituted the gold background normally seen in traditional images of this type with a gold curtain. In so doing, he provided a fully developed, convincing space for his figures to occupy. His Descent from the Cross (1434; Florence, Museo di San Marco) was commissioned by Palla Strozzi for his funerary chapel in the Church of Santa Trinità, Florence, to stand alongside Gentile da Fabriano's Adoration of the Magi (1423; Florence, Uffizi). This is the first Renaissance work to successfully integrate figures into a three-dimensional landscape. Characteristic of Fra Angelico is the compassionate portrayal of a tragic moment, reflecting the serenity and discipline required for a monastic existence. In 1443, Pope Eugene IV visited San Marco and two years later called the artist to Rome to work on the frescoes of the Chapel of the Sacrament at the Vatican (destroyed). For Nicholas V he created his last major commission, the frescoes in the pope's private chapel (the Chapel of Nicholas V, Vatican; 1448), rendering scenes from the lives of Sts. Lawrence and Stephen. Fra Angelico died in Rome in 1455 and was beatified in 1983.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fra Angelico — Fra Angélico Fra Angélico por Luca Signorelli, en el fresco La Predicación del Anticristo. Nombre de nacimiento Guido di Pietro da Mugello, Juan de Fiésole Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fra Angelico — • Biography of this Dominican, a famous painter, who died in 1455 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Fra Angelico     Fra Angelico      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Fra Angelico — V. Angelico (Fra) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fra Angelico —   [ andʒ ], italienischer Maler, Angelico.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fra Angelico — Fra Angelĭco (spr. andsche ), ital. Maler, s. Fiesole, Fra …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fra Angelico — /fra ænˈdʒɛlɪkoʊ/ (say frah an jelikoh) noun Fra → Angelico …   Australian English dictionary

  • Fra Angelico — Infobox Artist name = Fra Angelico imagesize = 200px caption = Posthumous portrait of Fra Angelico by Luca Signorelli, detail from Deeds of the Antichrist fresco (c.1501) in Orvieto Cathedral, Italy. birthname = Guido di Pietro birthdate = c.… …   Wikipedia

  • Fra Angelico — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Angelico. Fra Angelico Portrait posthu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fra Angelico — Die Vorläufer Christi mit Heiligen und Märtyrern, Fra Angelico (1423 24) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fra Angelico — Guido de Pietro da Mugello (Vicchio di Mugello (Florencia) 1395 c. Roma 1455), Pintor italiano de principios del renacimiento que supo combinar la vida de fraile dominico con la de pintor consumado. Fue llamado Angelico y también Beato por su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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